Daniella Levy, who oversaw the day-to-day work on the project for Fujifilm, said: “It’s a one-to-one size reproduction, there’s an exact color match to the original, and it has the exact same brush strokes as the original, meaning the same height and the same direction,” she said. Our challenge was to match the texture of the original in structure and shape. It had to be in perfect registration. It cannot be half a millimeter left or right.”
To create its reproductions, the TU Delft team of researchers, Pieter Jonker, Jo Geraedts and Joris Dik, developed an imaging device to record both color and topographical data from painting surfaces. Tim Zaman, a graduate student, sat for two weeks with Rembrandt’s “The Jewish Bride” in the Rijksmuseum, while it was closed for renovations, and conducted 3-D scans of the painting. The researchers also used X-ray fluorescence to do a chemical analysis of the component parts of the pigments, and hyperspectral imaging, which collects color data from across the electromagnetic spectrum. Combing that information produced a “point cloud,” or a set of volumetric data akin to a three-dimensional pixel. Océ made the high-resolution 3-D print based on the color information it got from TU Delft.